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Reader's guide

About our theme


Neither clownfish nor anemones need each other to survive but, through mutualism, they survive more easily: The clownfish, who are protected by a mucus covering from the stinging tentacles of the anemone, live in the anemone and attract larger fish. However, the larger fish are paralysed by the tentacles of the anemone and devoured. The remains of are later eaten by the clownfish and at the same time the anemone is cleaned, leaving it in perfect condition for the next prey.

Mutualism is most commonly defined in a way that reflects the positive signs characterising the outcome of interactions between individuals of different species that benefit both of them. We have chosen this theme because it reflects the interconnected relationship we have with our stakeholders and the fact that this connection enables all parties to thrive.

Towards our 2020Vision

Our 2020Vision was formulated as a strategic response to the megatrends which are changing the world in which we live and work. We have worked tirelessly to refocus and restructure our business so that we are better placed to respond to these megatrends and serve existing and new markets and customers. Our 2020Vision is well on track as we continue to focus on being a leader in our industry and a valued member of our local communities beyond 2020.

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Achieve cost advantages
Maintain a healthy balance sheet

Accelerate growth in higher margin products

Rationalise declining businesses


More information

More detailed information on many of the topics discussed in this interactive Group Sustainability Report is available in other Sappi publications, our website, and third-party sources. Where available, we provide links to these sources.

Related and explanatory information in this report is cross referenced.
See more detailed information in other published documents on or other interactive reports.
See more detailed information on third-party websites.

Best viewed

This sustainability report is best viewed using Adobe Acrobat's PDF-viewer which can be downloaded free from Adobe's website ( za/en/acrobat/pdf-reader.html). Viewing the report online using your browser's native built-in PDF-viewer may render some of the navigational and interactive functionality unusable.

Certification systems

Certification systems, eg the Forest Stewardship CouncilTM (FSCTM) (FSC; ref FSC-N003159), the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest CertificationTM (PEFCTM) and the Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI®) are referenced throughout this report, without providing detailed information about each of our operations' certification status in each instance, to ensure ease of reading.

Certification information for each mill is available on

Intellectual property

Various websites, research reports, trademarks, registered trademarks and other forms of intellectual property are referenced in this report. All of these, whether marked or unmarked, are without exception acknowledged as the legal property of their owners.



We follow contemporary 'short scale' convention; defining a billion as one thousand million.


When data is expressed in specific form, this means that the actual quantity consumed (energy, water, etc) or emitted (emissions, solid waste, etc) is expressed in terms of a production parameter for the period indicated. For Sappi, as with other pulp and paper companies, the parameter is air dry tons (adt) of product.


We standardise all our reported measurements using the metric ton equivalent to 1,000 kg.

Exchange rates

We have used the following exchange rates:

US$/ZAR: 14.3

US$/EUR: 1.12